On the 16th August, 1991, the Department of Environment and Natural Resources issued a memorandum for the Provincial Environment and Natural Resources Officer, Malolos, Bulacan, stating that Pinagrealan Cave is located in the vicinity of a Small Scale Mining Permit under a Mining Lease Application of Spar Development Company Inc but that such permit was “not sanctioned by the Office and in violation of Section 15 (a) of the Mines Administrative Order.
On the 15th August 1992, the Department of Environment and Natural Resources issued a memorandum to OIC, Red Delfin Ganapi, Sr at DENR-Region III, San Fernando, Pampanga, “instructing your office to file criminal charges against JNJ Marble and Spar Development Co., Inc. Pursuant to the provisions of Sec. 78, P.D. 463.” It goes on to state that “you are advised to cause the stoppage of all illegal quarrying operations within the Pinagrealan Cave” and to “ensure the protection of said cave and its immediate environs for historical purposes”.
On the 1st September 1992, the Department of Environment and Natural Resources issued a memorandum to OIC, Red Delfin Ganapi, Sr at DENR-Region III, San Fernando, Pampanga, instructing “The prosecution of JNJ Marble and Spar Development Co.”.
In 2004, Spar Development Co., Inc managed to obtain a Mineral Production Sharing Agreement (MPSA Np. 201-2004-III) from the Philippine Government to quarry Marbleized limestone.
The agreement was made without consultation to the landowners where Spar is located and since then no “sharing” of the financial results have benefited those owners.
On the 30th October 2012, the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) Secretary Ramon J.P. Paje, signed DENR Memorandum Circular No. 2012-03 entitled “List of Classified Caves”. This document classified Pinagrealan Cave as a Class II Protected Cave within this definition:
“Caves with areas or portions which have hazardous conditions and contain sensitive geological, archaeological, cultural, historical and biological values or high quality ecosystem. It may be necessary to close sections of these caves seasonally or permanently. It is opened to experienced cavers or guided educational tours/visits.”
Pinagrealan Cave is one of only two caves in Bulacan to be classified in this manner. The other DENR Class II Classified Cave in Bulacan is Puning Cave.
In total, 158 caves were classified as under protection of the Philippine government to safeguard them for future generations.
Pinagrealan is not the only cave at the site. There are other caves under Lioness Rock and Rhino Rock which were destroyed entirely by Spar!
On the 21st March 2015, the ‘Pinoy Mountaineer’, Gideon Lasco, petitioned Rosemarie Capa and Spar Development Co to save Lioness and Rhino Rock, both located atop of Pinagrealan Cave.
On 11th June, 2015, GMA News announcement that the Department of Environment and Natural Resources and quarrying company Spar Development Corp. have all agreed to develop Rhino Rock and Lioness Rock’s location into an ecotourism site.
On 15th October, 2015, Lacso reported that Rosemarie Capa and Spar Development Corp has broken their promise and had once more started quarrying atop Pinagrealan Cave and were in the process of permanently destroying Rhino Rock and Lioness Rock. This broke their earlier promise to halt operations in the area.
Spar Development Co cannot keep their promises. Rhino Rock and Lioness Rock were not even within the boundaries of the MPSA Np. 201-2004-III, and they were destroyed by Spar!